So, what is posthumanism?
- Many different uses
- Different contexts
- Rejection of anthropocentrism
- Reconsidering the place of the ‘human’
Rethinking of the liberal, human subject
- Could vote
- Own land and properties
- Able bodied
- Class based
“Not all of us can say, with any degree of certainty, that we have always been human, or that we are only that. […] Not if by ‘human’ we mean that creature familiar to us from the Enlightenment and its legacy: ‘The Cartesian subject of …”
Rethinking of the idea of a fixed, bounded self
- Different subjectivities
We are constantly changed by what is around us. Embodiment in terms of extend our plasticity.
‘A posthuman ethics for a non-unitary subject proposes an enlarged sense of inter-connection between self and the others, including the non-human or ‘earth’ others, by removing the obstacle of self-centred individualism.’ (Braidotti, 2013: 49-50)
Human being as important creature; thinking about everything evolves around us, we are in the centre.
‘Post-anthropocentrism displaces the notion of a species hierarchy and of a single, common standard for “Man” as the measure of all things. In the ontological gap thus opened, other species come galloping in. (Braidotti 2013:67)
We are about to begin to be okay with all humans have the same rights. We also extend right to animals as well. But again we extend right in terms where we are in the chain of being. Displays the notion of animals being there for us – the Earth Is for human consumption.
Posthumanism does not mean necessary about reincarnation. It is more how human should create spaces in world – should he puts himself in the middle of it?
Our relationship with technologies – we get of them what we want. But actually it is not what happens, there is response to our actions. Our phone for example is not only technology, it is also part of us, it is our memories, it has photos, connections and representations. It is not about us acting on it.
It is not the message we have to focused on, it is about how media shape our reality.
We create relationship with the technologies in which we give and receive.
Utopia – there are certain ideas, like transhumanism. These relationships will help us to overcome ourselves, the technologies will solve all of our problems as humans. Uploading our minds on a computer and overcome our material body. But we experience different emotions through our body as well.
Dystopia – our relationships with the technology taken negatively. We expect more of technology and less from each other; incorporating robots in our lives rather than other humans. Losing our humanity.
What is our personal position on it?
We all are presenting certain perspectives of us in different situations. Presentation of the self in the everyday life. Is technologies make us lonely? It is subjective, it depends on our personal point of view and how we reflect differently.
‘resistance to both the fatal attraction of nostalgia and the fantasy of transhumanist and other techno-utopias’ (Braidotti, 2013: 90)
‘human functionality expands because the parameters of the cognitive system it inhabits expand (Hayles, 1999: 290-291)
“we were always posthuman” (Tufekci 2012: 34)
Self and other gradually blur
‘a displacement of the lines of demarcation between structural differences, or ontological categories, for instance between the organic and the inorganic, the born and the manufactured, flesh and metal, electronic circuits and organic nervous systems.’ (Braidotti, 2013: 89)
‘an amalgam, a collection of heterogeneous components, a material-informational entity whose boundaries undergo continuous construction and reconstruction’ (Hayles 1999: 3)
What makes a human ‘human’?
Looking back through what your initial answers were, how does the posthuman view complicate these?